James Baumgardner, PhD
Senior Research Economist
Dr. Baumgardner joined PHE after a number of years at the Congressional Budget Office (CBO). Dr. Baumgardner held leadership positions for most of his 20 years at the CBO, providing information to guide legislative initiatives affecting Medicare, the regulation of employment-based and individually purchased health plans, graduate medical education, the costs of insurance coverage, health improvements in the population, and Medicare’s prescription drug program. Prior to his time at the CBO, Dr. Baumgardner was an assistant professor of economics at Duke University. His publications include a number of CBO reports and papers appearing in the New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of Political Economy, RAND Journal of Economics, Inquiry, and the American Economic Review.
PhD, Economics, University of Chicago
AB, Economics, Duke University
- Baumgardner JR. The interaction between forms of insurance contract and types of technical change in medical care. RAND Journal of Economics. 1991.
- Baumgardner JR. Cigarette taxes and the federal budget—report from the CBO. N Engl J Med. 2012.
- Baumgardner JR. The division of labor, local markets, and worker organization. J Political Econ. 1988.
- Goldman DP, et al. Are biopharmaceutical budget caps good public policy? Economists’ Voice. 2016.
- Congressional Budget Office. Issues in designing a prescription drug benefit for Medicare. CBO Study. 2002.